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Essay on Dangers of the Internet -- Expository Essays
annotation format Annotations are comments, notes, explanations, or other types of external remarks that can be attached to a Web document or to a selected part of a document. As they are external, it is possible to of internet essay annotate any Web document independently, without needing to edit the essay report, document itself. From a technical point of view, annotations are usually seen as metadata, as they give additional information about an existing piece of data. Amaya uses a special RDF annotation schema for describing annotations. Annotations can be stored locally or in one or more annotation servers . Of Internet? When a document is what was the of the, browsed, Amaya queries each of these servers, requesting the annotations related to that document. Amaya presents an annotation with an icon that is visually embedded in the document. If you single-click this icon, the text that was annotated is highlighted. If you double-clicks the icon, the annotation text and other metadata are presented in a separate window. An annotation has many properties including: Physical location: is the annotation stored in the local file system or in dangerous essay an annotation server Scope: is the annotation associated to a whole document or just to a fragment. Annotation type: 'Annotation', 'Comment', 'Query', . Honors Uga? Amaya can store annotation data in a local file system ( local annotations ) or it can store annotations remotely, on annotations servers accessed through the Web ( remote annotations ). You do not need a server to create local annotations.
Local annotations are stored under your AmayaHome directory, in a special directory called annotations , and they can be seen only by their owner (according to the system access right setup). This directory contains three kinds of files: annot.index: Associates URLs with the files containing the metadata of the annotations. Dangerous? index + random suffix: Stores the what was the of the war essay, metadata of the annotations related to a given URL. The metadata is specified in dangerous RDF. annot + random suffix.html: Contains the williams critical essays, body of an annotation, stored as XHTML. At any time, you can convert a local annotation to a shared one by choosing Post to server from the Tools/Annotations submenu. Once this is completed, the of internet essay, local annotation is deleted because it has been moved to an annotation server. You can store remote annotations in annotation servers so that the annotations can be downloaded by anyone having the was the cause english civil, correct access rights, such as is the dangerous of internet, case of other HTML documents.
Remote annotations are referred to williams critical as shared or public annotations, because they can be seen by other people. If you wish to dangerous of internet essay install your own annotation server, please refer to Annotation-Server-HOWTO . Citing Dissertation? Before creating an annotation, it is recommended to set some parameters in the Preferences (see section Configuring annotations). Amaya supports two kinds of annotations: annotations that apply to of internet essay a whole document and annotations that apply to a specific position or a selection in a document. Culture And Blue? To annotate an entire document, choose Annotate document from the Tools/Annotations menu. To annotate a position, put the insertion point at that position in the document and choose Annotate selection from the Tools/Annotations menu. To annotate a selection, make a selection in the document and choose Annotate selection from the Tools/Annotations menu.
After these operations, an annotation document is displayed, with some inital metadata and an empty body. The metadata consists of the title of the annotation , the author's name , the essay, title of the annotated document, the annotation type , the creation date , and on rowan williams, the last modification date . Some of the metadata fields have special properties: The Source document field is a link that points back to the annotated text. Dangerous? If the user double-clicks it, as when following any other link with Amaya, the annotated document will be displayed with the dissertation, annotated text highlighted. The Annotation types field lets you classify the annotation and essay, change its type. Double-click on the text Annotation type to see the list of types available. The Last modified field is updated automatically each time that an annotation is saved. Below the header area is the annotation body area. It shows the current content and can be edited like any other HTML document.
Some commands that can be applied to a document in the Amaya document window also can be applied to an annotation document in the Annotation window. For example, the body of an annotation can be printed by thesis uga, choosing Print from the File menu, or reloaded by of internet, choosing Reload document from the File menu. Saving an annotation is the same as saving any other document with Amaya: choose Save from the File menu (or use its equivalent shortcut or button) or press the Save button. Local annotations are saved to the annotations directory and remote annotations are saved to williams critical the annotation post server, if the user has write access. To convert a local annotation into a shared one, choose Post to server from the Tools/Annotations menu to essay save the annotation to the Post server as defined in the Configuration for Annotations dialog . If this operation is successful, the local annotation will be removed and future Save operations will go directly to that annotation server. The Delete command on the Tools/Annotations submenu enables you to delete the current annotation. You can invoke this command from an Police and Blue Wall annotation window. You can also delete an annotation from the annotated document.
Select the of internet essay, icon of the annotation and call the same command from the Tools menu in the annotated document window. Loading and presenting annotations. The Tools/Annotations/Load command tells Amaya to load the essay report, annotations that are associated with the URL of the current document. Amaya will query the annotation servers, using the settings from essay Preferences/Annotations , and ask for any relevant annotation. Annotations may also be loaded automatically whenever a new page is viewed by selecting the Autoload remote annotations check box in Preferences/Annotations . Querying an annotation server returns all the annotations that are associated with a document. The link view of the annotated document shows all the annotations.
As with the document window, annotations are identified by a pencil icon. A single-click on Police and Blue, the icon selects the annotated text in the document window and a double-click opens the annotation. Replying to annotations / discussion thread. Annotations can be seen as comments to web pages. The Tools/Annotations/Reply to annotation command enhances the collaborative workspace by allowing users to reply to annotations or to other replies. The Reply to annotation command of the of internet, Tools/Annotations submenu lets you create a reply to an existing annotation or to a reply. You can invoke this command from an open annotation or a reply window. As a result a new annotation document opens. The fields in a reply annotation can be edited just like in any other annotation as explained under Creating an annotation.
When the reply is thesis, ready, you can post it to a server with the Tools/Annotations/Post to server command or you can save it locally using the File/Save command. To delete a reply, you can use the Tools/Annotations/Delete command. Replies can also be annotated like any other document, as explained in Creating an annotation. All replies related to an annotation are shown at the bottom of this annotation, in a thread section. Dangerous Of Internet Essay? Each item in the thread gives the date of the reply, the author, and the title of the reply. Book Report? The content of any of these replies can be retrieved by dangerous of internet essay, double clicking the williams critical, replies in the thread. The selected reply is highlighted and presented in dangerous a reply tab. When another selection is made the same reply tab is Culture and Blue Wall, used. There is no way to of internet control which replies should be posted. In an ideal world, it should not be possible to save a reply to a reply if the previous reply was not saved in the same server.
Likewise, if you delete a reply, you should delete all replies to this annotation. Not doing that leads to having fragments of threads that cannot be correctly attached in book report the thread. For example, let R1 be the reply to annotation A1 and R2 a reply to R1. If you post R1, and dangerous essay, let R2 be stored locally, then when you browse A1 and only download its local annotations, you will only see R2. At this point, Amaya does not know that R1 exists, so it assumes that R2 has lost its parent. We identify these orphan threads by putting a question mark symbol ? in front of them. If later one, Amaya finds new thread items, for example, if you download R1, Amaya will then sort the thread view, inserting the threads as appropriately. In our example, R2 will become a child of R1, as expected.
User-definable icons by williams, Annotation type (aka dynamic icons) The icon used to essay mark the location of an annotation within an annotated document may be changed by the user. The icon that denotes an annotation is chosen as a property of the on hard work to success, annotation type. By including an dangerous essay RDF property of each annotation type you wish to use, you select the icon associated with annotations of that type. The sample configuration associates the following icons: The property name for adding annotation icons is http://www.w3.org/2001/10/typeIcon#usesIcon. For instance, to was the english war essay specify an dangerous of internet icon named file:///home/question-icon.jpg for annotations that have type http://www.w3.org/2000/10/annotationType#Question you would enter the following RDF/XML into a file that Amaya reads at startup is: The simplest way to get such RDF loaded into Amaya at startup is to include the file in the config/annot.schemas file in the Amaya program directory. In order to work to success preserve this file so that it will not be overwritten when you install a new version of Amaya, you should copy the config/annot.schemas file into your personal AmayaHome directory. You may list as many RDF files as you want in annot.schemas . Dangerous Essay? See the comments in on rowan critical essays the file included in of internet essay the Amaya kit for more details. A sample file named typeIcon.rdf declares unique icons for each annotation type declared in the http://www.w3.org/2000/10/annotationType# namespace. To experiment with user-defined icons, it may be easiest to copy this typeIcon.rdf into another directory and modify it. Copy annot.schemas to your AmayaHome directory and change the line near the end to point to your revised icon definition file.
Amaya supports JPEG, PNG, and GIF bitmap graphics formats for icon images. The icon URI may only be a file: URI; that is, the essay report, icon must appear in a local or mounted directory to Amaya. Two special forms of non-file: URIs are supported. Dangerous? If the file path name starts with $THOTDIR or $APP_HOME then the corresponding Amaya installation directory or personal Amaya home directory is substituted into the pathname. Essay Book? Known issues with annotations and modified documents. When you use annotations with live documents (documents whose contents can be modified), you may encounter two kinds of problems: orphan annotations and misleading annotations . To explain these problems, we must first describe how Amaya attaches annotations to dangerous documents. Amaya uses XPointer to indicate where an annotation should be attached to main english civil war essay a document. XPointers are based in the structure of the document.
To build an XPointer for essay a selection, for example, Amaya starts from the first point of the selection and walk backwards through the document's structure, until it finds the root of the document. If an element has an id attribute, Amaya stops building the XPointer and considers the element with the id attribute value to be the beginning of that XPointer. For example, if you look at the HTML source for this document, you'll notice that this section is enclosed within a div element that has an Culture Wall id attribute with the value Issues Here's an extract of the source code: This XPointer points to the second paragraph: xpointer(id(Issues)/p) The above XPointer points to of internet essay the second p element, from the element parent having an id attribute with value Issues. Note that the use of the honors uga, id attribute enables the of internet essay, document author to move the entire reference by was the main cause english, the XPointer to another location within the document, without needing to update the XPointer. The XPointer does not depend on the elements that precede it. An annotation becomes an dangerous essay orphan when it can no longer be attached to a document, that is, when the XPointer does not resolve to any element in on hard work leads to success the structure. This happens when a document's structure is modified. Amaya displays a warning if it detects any orphan annotations while downloading a set of annotations from an annotation server.
All orphan annotations are visible from the of internet essay, Links view and are associated with an icon that shows a question mark superimposed on the annotation pencil . Police Culture Wall Of Silence? An annotation becomes misleading when it points to a wrong piece of information. This problem is common when you annotate a portion of text that may change. Dangerous Of Internet? In the first release, Amaya does not warn the user if an annotation is misleading. A future release may notify users of the potential for report an annotation to be misleading. As the author of a document, try to dangerous of internet essay use the ID attribute in essay strategic places, for dangerous example, inside DIV and p elements. Honors Uga? For example: An XPointer that points to this paragraph is: xpointer(id(Amaya)) Thus, the Xpointer will point to dangerous of internet essay the same paragraph, regardless of its position in book the document's structure.
Amaya enables you to automatically associate with or remove an ID attribute to/from a set of elements by essay, choosing Add/Remove IDs from the Links menu.
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Essay on Dangers of the Internet -- Expository Essays
How to dangerous essay, write your resume for essay report, a job in International Development. For want of a proper chair, Jessica sits on the old radiator in my office, looking out at the still bare trees and the green grass we’re all hoping is heralding spring. We are talking about a new job opportunity for her, and she’s hesitating. “I’m just not sure if I’m qualified for of internet, it,” she tells me. We met for the first time in September; she was looking for a way – any way – to citing dissertation apa, get her foot in dangerous, the door of the NGO world, and was the main of the english civil, I was looking for an intern for my project.
She ended up joining another team at the organisation, in a part-time administrative role, and dangerous of internet, soon became a familiar face at the office. “I took this job because I just wanted to get my foot in the door. But I can do more than this. I’m not meant to just be doing admin work.” My heart goes out to her; Jessica should not be in this situation. She’s smart, empathetic, speaks four languages, and has worked in three countries. On Rowan Williams Critical? I shake my head, trying to reassure her that she is, indeed, qualified for the job, and she should apply for it anyway. “My friend works there, I can ask him to keep an of internet eye out for your application.
And anyway, you’re already qualified for Culture and Blue Wall of Silence, the job.” She doesn’t believe me. “I think I have quite a bit of dangerous experience, but it seems like it’s not enough, and I’m a bit surprised and a bit disappointed. Honors Thesis Uga? I’ve done everything I could, I’ve gone abroad, I’ve done internships.” Sheryl Sandberg, COO of Facebook, writes about this in her book Lean In: “Men apply for dangerous essay, a job when they meet only 60% of the qualifications, but women apply only critical essays if they meet 100% of them.” I remember doing this too. A few years ago, fresh from a breakup with a guy I loved, I was unemployed, broken-hearted, and back to living with my parents. My Instagram stayed pretty: snapshots of the dangerous orchid show in downtown Miami, blue skies, lots of palm trees, but my life felt like one big uncoordinated mess of job applications, late night Netflix binges, and dinner every night with my parents, when we’d all skirt around that untouchable question, “So what are you going to do?” I’d drag myself out of bed every morning for essays work to success, months on end only to start and end the day in essay, front of the computer, browsing job postings in Nicaragua, Rwanda, Paris, Mumbai, all of honors thesis which seemed to require ten years of experience and five thousand other qualifications.
Most of the time, I was so intimidated, I didn’t even apply. And when I did apply, every time I found something that seemed perfect for me, I didn’t even get called for an interview. Then I’d feel really disappointed, grumpily wondering why they couldn’t just send a brief message to say, “Sorry, it’s not you this time. » After seventeen consecutive rejections, I realized that I had to a) widen my search and dangerous essay, b) make my resume show what I was capable of doing. Thesis? Up until then, I had only applied to jobs I was certain I could do; I began to explore opportunities that offered new levels of responsibility and dangerous essay, learning, and essays on hard work leads to success, adjusted my resume to show my track record of success and dangerous, passion for development, rather than a grocery list of main war essay jobs I’d once had. Rejections gave way to requests for essay, interviews, and soon, I was picking between job offers. But because I’d put in so many applications, requests for interviews continued to flood my inbox, even after I’d already accepted a plum offer in Haiti and uga, was no longer in the market for of internet, jobs. What Was The Main Of The Civil? I’d roll over in bed at six in dangerous, the morning, getting ready to wake up, pick up the Blackberry provided to me, and scroll through my email; beneath a couple of citing apa updates from friends and my mom, there were five messages asking when I was available for a Skype interview, and what about Wednesday at 10 a.m. Pacific? And I thought to dangerous of internet essay, myself, why not have fun with this? So once I got fed up with my job in Port-au-Prince, I politely accepted one of the many interview requests in my email.
Two months later, I walked into a new position in Germany, smiling. “We’re so happy to have you here,” they told me. “Me too,” I nodded, with a grin. Since that horrible Florida winter, I haven’t been unemployed, not even for a weekend. Book Report? I’ve jumped from one wonderful NGO to another, learnt new skills, become a lot better with Excel, and dangerous essay, taken on more responsibility, to my current role managing a seven-million-dollar project in four countries. Listening to williams, Jessica, I think about that time I was in a job-hunting frenzy; it seems so long ago. After our conversation ends, I get back to dangerous essay, work, and open up Outlook to check my work email.
Jessica has sent me her resume, asking if I could take a look. Here’s what I told her: I double-clicked on the file in Jessica’s email, and out tumbled nine pages of information, with several different colours and fonts. One is sufficient, and all that most hiring managers have time for. 2. Use a traditional format. Because she had worked in advertising before, Jessica had used a lot of the graphic design skills she had to illustrate her skills and experience, but that confused me rather than making it clear what she was good at. Hiring managers see so many resumes; nontraditional formats can be difficult to decode.
Keep it simple with your name and on rowan williams critical essays, contact information at the top; then list only the work experience that is pertinent to that particular position for which you are applying. Earlier that day, we were speaking in French with a French colleague, and while I was chatting with a Mexican friend, Jessica walked in and joined in dangerous of internet essay, the conversation in Spanish. Police And Blue Wall? I knew she could speak several languages, including German and English, but they were buried under lots of other information on her CV. In international organisations, because you’re constantly interacting with people from all over the world, the ability to speak to dangerous essay, stakeholders in their own language, or a common lingua franca, is essay book, invaluable. Put the dangerous essay languages you speak at Police and Blue Wall the very top of your CV. The first three pages of dangerous Jessica’s CV talked about her values and skills, but I still kept wondering, where does she want to go with this? A resume is not a log of every job you’ve ever had, it’s a marketing document.
Using your previous experience, tell the story of a young professional with a goal to create impact through a particular career trajectory. Under “Work experience”, Jessica had listed the organisations for which she had worked, and honors uga, the tasks she had completed for dangerous of internet essay, them in blocks of text. I got a little lost, not sure what to focus on. Use bullets to talk only about what’s relevant to essays leads, the kind of work you want to do, and dangerous, highlight your accomplishments rather than explaining the day-to-day tasks you were expected to do. It will show your value and the fact that you are impactful to the team and the organisation. “Flexible and dedicated work ethic with great ability to self-initiate and bring multiple projects to completion under pressure,” read one line on page three, and maybe it’s true for Jessica, but how many hundreds of thousands of people out there say they are flexible self-starters and Culture Wall, can work under pressure?
Instead, under “Experience”, talk about how you wrote a 5000 word report in one month, or drafted a one-year marketing plan with a $1000 budget. 7. The only of internet essay personal information you need is your name, email address, and telephone number. On page one, Jessica had listed her date of birth, age, height, weight, place of birth…this is a job application, not an online dating profile. Stick to on rowan critical, what’s absolutely necessary in dangerous of internet essay, order for the organization to contact you for an interview, and cut out the rest. 8. Apa? Education at essay the bottom, unless you have a PhD. This is report, how LinkedIn does it, and you should, too, because in the professional world, your work experience matters more than the title of your degree. 9. Achievements matter more than timelines. Fully thirty per cent of the page space of Jessica’s resume is dedicated to dangerous essay, dates and timelines. Honors? But I’m not looking at of internet those; I’m trying to find out thesis uga, what she has accomplished in dangerous of internet, the last couple of years, and if any of it is interesting.
It doesn’t matter that you spent two years working on what main of the english a project if all you did was send emails all day long. Focus on what you did to drive impact, not how long you spent doing it. Before leaving the office, I run into of internet essay, Jessica near the printing machine, a cappuccino in her hand. “I sent you my CV, did you see it?” she asks. “Yes! But I’m still not sure what you really want to do,” I tell her, fumbling with the keys to my bicycle parked outside. “You’re right,” she says, “I know that I want to Police Wall of Silence, do work I’m passionate about. And work for an organization whose work really helps people.” 10.
Start with the end in mind. Working in dangerous, development is no longer confined to the Peace Corps, or working as an economist on growth policy. NGOs and international organisations now look for many of same skills as in other industries, including Jessica’s background in design work and book report, event management. Dangerous Essay? Pick the Police Wall kind of dangerous essay position and job title you want to have, and tailor your resume show how you already know (at least 65%) how to do that role’s expected skills and tasks. You might not end up with that exact job, but you’ll come close enough to get your foot in the door and start your career in essays on hard work leads, international development. Top photo via Austin Kleon, photo in Haiti by my friend Lisa Palmer. I have always just put how flexible I am and never really shown it. Essay? I will certainly start giving a lil more detail on on rowan williams critical that. Of Internet? And I don’t have much professional experience yet so most of what’s on my resume is my academic background. But I guess that’s ok for now.
@Hepsibah, think of your “experience” as every single project you’ve worked on, every group you’ve been in, and every activity you’ve participated in. And then you’ll have more than you think #128578; This is such an interesting and what civil, helpful read! I usually would list all the tasks of dangerous of internet every job and my resume would be pages and pages so it’s great to know that employers are only looking for the highlights. Thank you very much for this useful article. It is very true, I tend to apply only when I meet at least 70% of the requirements but that’s possibly not the right approach. I shortened my CV to one page and my 4 foreign languages are now much more visible! This is critical, golden advice! Job hunting can be so daunting when done wrong!
I’ve always been an dangerous advocate of the one-page CV, but now I realize that I might have told more than showed many times, and insisted on useless timelines… Thanks for the tips and all the best to job hunters around here! Beautifully written. Well done. I definitely saved this page for when I next apply for a job application. You are absolutely right about thinking about the end result when applying for a job, and demonstrating that we are the role we are applying for. I loved how you put your personal experience into this article, which I am sure a lot of us can connect with. Can I ask how is it that you all of a sudden received multiple interview offers out of the blue, where you were actually able to choose and on hard work to success, pick from. Was it just luck?
Brilliant, continue writing. Thanks Clarisse! So glad you liked it. “Out of the blue” haha. Thing is, I had applied for over 20 different jobs around the of internet world. Once you get the ingredients and process right, you are always baking a delicious cake.
Therefore, though I was surprised at the time, after several years of using these strategies, I’ve realised it’s nothing more than a) being consistent and was the main cause, b) applying the right strategies. Great article. I think it summarizes everything that is important in a CV in dangerous, order to be successful. Apa? Also, it was a good idea to bring an example, it brings the story closer to people who are also looking for a job. Thank you for your wisdom. This just inspired me to overhaul my CV and dangerous essay, have the courage to apply for jobs that will not only be challenging but will also broaden my skill set! Thanks so much for what was the cause english civil, writing this post. I’m currently in somewhat of a professional slump and of internet essay, this post has made me feel a bit better about the situation, as well as motivate me to work on my CV a bit more, as I realise that it may be part of the problem. Critical Essays? My main problem is keeping it short – it just seems impossible to keep to one page. I’ve done a few short-term consultancies recently and those take up a lot of space – any idea of how to manage that?
Hi Juliette, so glad this article was a little bright spot for dangerous essay, you. One easy tip: read your CV out loud, and apa, whatever sounds superfluous, take out. Or, delete everything and start from scratch, stopping when it goes over one page. For Consultancies, focus ONLY on what your deliverables were (refer to your TOR, which itself should not be much more than one page). Malaika, your article spoke about my own experience of of internet essay identifying opportunities, applying for them and book report, then be fed the politely worded rejection letters. After 5 months I am desperate to break this cycle. My Covering letter has bullet points to dangerous of internet, match the requirements of the and Blue of Silence position with my experience. CV is in two pages with core competences mentioned clearly along with a professional summary. I try my best to align the job specification with the CV/Covering Letter by customising both. However, not even an interview call thus far. Anyone who knows me, or has worked with me, vouches for my ability to see things through successfully.
However, what am I doing wrong that it is not getting through my paperwork? What kind of a person do I come across through my application? Hey and thank you sooo much for a good article! I’d like to have your input on one of your statesments. “8. Education at the bottom, unless you have a PhD.”.
I graduated a year ago and my only work experience consists of part time jobs during my studies, like hotels and dangerous of internet essay, sales. In my eyes this experience is not relevant, so I always list my educational background first. I argue that the fact that I’ve studied in three countries should somehow reflect my intrest in the world and ability to thesis, adapt to of internet essay, new enviroments. Uga? What is of internet essay, your input on Culture and Blue Wall this? Also, during my studies, I was on the board for dangerous of internet, a mid-size studentorganization and been voluenteering for a major NGO for three years. In my current resume I’ve listed this experience under “Volunteering and other” – is that a smart thing or should I move in to the “work experience” bracket? Thanks again! I really enjoyed reading your post and it gave me some new ideas and motivation #128578; @IMP, you want to think, how can I make it MOST SIMPLE for the reader to Police Culture, understand what I’ve done? Do not split your experience.
You can learn skills even if you are not being paid. Essentially, you’ve had three years of exposure to the inside of an NGO, that’s good stuff #128578; your education in 3 countries is nice, but that is common in the development sector so it does not make you stand out. Thank you for writing this article. It will definitely help me with tailoring my resume as well as my cover letter. Like you mentioned, my resume should be a marketing tool to advertise myself not my autobiography.
Once again, thank you for taking time to write this article. I look forward to reading more on how to tailor my resume and dangerous of internet, cover letter (s) when deciding to honors thesis uga, apply for a position with a specific company. Persuasion and creativity to present your self and communicate your skills effectively are key in the race for getting into development work. Very useful post and tips, thanks! I love the Ask a Manager blog for resume advice! She is a committed advocate of the dangerous essay 1-2 page format. This is one of the most useful posts I have read in a while. I felt like I was reading my own story, because I am in that period of time when I only have rejections and sometimes I don’t know if my experience will be enough… After ten years working as a lawyer, I have decided to start over and despite all those rejections and all those who don’t really understand why I want to Police and Blue, leave behind my “successful” career in a law firm, I am still positive about future. So, I really hope my story turns like yours pretty soon. Thank you so much! Trust yourself and your desire for something new and dangerous of internet, different.
You can access my free guide to writing your application for NGO jobs in the column on the right. Sir I love the ambition of honors thesis Jessica to realise her dreams. I am here in of internet essay, a country under human trafficking and essays leads to success, still having a hope to ever come out .Reading this story I had to dangerous essay, shade tears and citing apa, say so this is how life treats people also before they come to a realisation. As I talk now presently I need someone to just help me out how I could even get my documents but every morning and eveBing I cry to no aveille but still have the dangerous faith.I plead on Culture and Blue of Silence every one who reads my message and knows what I can do to help myself out of dangerous of internet this to tell me pls.Thank u. Hi Malaika, thank you so much for your article, it is very helpful and I already took note of essay book report your recommendations to update my resume. I’m a social worker and currently work in dangerous of internet, an emergency shelter for women victims of conjugal violence. I was wondering if you have any suggestions on how to highlight accomplishments when job responsibilities are to provide support (follow-up) and care to people in crisis… I find it difficult to measure achievements when my work is to provide services to people in crisis. Thanks again, your articles is motivating!
@Nathalia, we’re all so used to “helping” that we forget the ocean is made up for individual drops. Honors? What does the of internet shelter measure its work on? E.g. number of women who don’t return to citing dissertation apa, the same abusive partner? Match your individual actions to the goals of the shelter, and look for ways in of internet, which you’ve contributed to the bigger picture goals. Culture And Blue Wall? Providing services can be measured, too ! […] Once you’ve identified the jobs you want to dangerous essay, apply for, it’s time to start tailoring your CV to the position. On Hard Work? Here’s how to get started. Of Internet Essay? […] Hi I have just finished my masters in economics and essays work, Im looking to enrich my CV to get into international development as well. So far whatever volunteering experience I have is in India where I belong.
I was wondering how do you manage to dangerous of internet, do so many internships in different countries in terms of financials. International internships don’t pay usually and even if they do it doesn’t fund flight and book, visa costs! So how do I get this ‘international’ experience to make a stronger case for dangerous, a good job in this area? Muchos Gracias for to success, your post.Really thank you! Staschke. Great article – makes me feel a little better during a time when it seems to be impossible to dangerous, find a job in the field of international development / global health / disaster management. I think that you make an excellent point about the length of the honors thesis CV. I have been battling with this for a long time now – any time I try to fit all my jobs into 2 pages (I haven?t even tried to fit them into one) the dangerous of internet essay end result is uga, too small fonts and the layout is very cramped. Dangerous Of Internet Essay? This is probably because I have never held a internship or a job for essay book report, long, but my experience comes from several shorter periods in different places. Do you have any tips on this? I have tried to leave the “non-relevant” ones out, but there are two problems with this: a) it leaves gaps that don?t look good b) all of the positions have given me different experience, most of which seem relevant to dangerous essay, most entry-level jobs.
@Mike, thanks for Police Culture and Blue Wall of Silence, your comment! You want to a) read your CV aloud and remove what sounds “Fluffly”, b) make sure every single item is 70% relevant to the job description, and c) remove everything you wouldn’t tell a stranger within 5 minutes (e.g., your grades, your hobbies). Try these, and you should be able to slim down your CV. Thanks fo finally talking about How t? wite your resume for a job in International Development | Internationa? NGO Jobs Loved it!
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McKinsey Case Study Analysis Essay. This paper applies the management by objective (MBO) philosophy of Peter Drucker to of internet essay, the case study analysis of on rowan williams critical essays, McKinsey and Company (McKinsey). Founded in 1926 by James “Mac” McKinsey, a University of Chicago professor, the firm started as an accounting and dangerous of internet, engineering consultancy agency, which experienced rapid growth. This paper is a plan that outlines key aspects of MBO and how it will have both positive and negative effects when applied to honors, the McKinsey case study. Mac recruited experienced executives and trained them on an integrated approached he coined as the General Survey Outline (Mintzberg, et al., 2003, p. 319).
Over the years, the firm’s general approach to consultancy lacked specialized knowledge concerning industry competencies. This paper brings into focus McKinsey’s potential to make a paradigm shift, and provides recommendations to implement MBO to increase the organizations effectiveness internationally. The leaders of McKinsey wanted to transform the firm of practice development, (“snowball making” the internal name) to client development (“snowball throwing”). To achieve this, the essay concept of general practitioners would have to change in work to success, order to keep up with technology and the global marketplace. The paper provides recommendation to aide McKinsey in of internet, development, capturing, and leveraging company assets worldwide. McKinsey and Co. Thesis. Case Study Summary. The McKinsey and Company case study is a presentation of the management of knowledge and learning by a large consulting firm.
The case study discusses the founding and evolution of the company under the direction of a group of dangerous of internet essay, professional educators and executives. The company has served as a consultant to elite firms focusing on issues important to top management for 70 years. The long history of the thesis uga company is described with the addition of tables and charts to depict 20 year growth rates, mission and principles, areas of practice, and functional groups. Succession, employee growth and development; expansion, and shrinkage are explained in detail within the case study. The company expanded from the dangerous of internet essay original small organization to one of global proportions and significant stature within the industry. The focus of the text is to depict the management and evolution of the firm through the periods of change and discuss future decisions and direction under a new managing director. Key Aspects of Drucker’s Philosophy. Peter Drucker is recognized as the founder of modern management. He advocated for autonomy, participatory democracy, and doing what one wants. He promoted the creation of a pluralistic institution of a free society that functions and performs.
In searching for finding an honors thesis answer to how individual freedom can be observed in the corporate society considering the power executed by the managers; Drucker developed the managerial philosophy called management by of internet objectives (MBO). According to was the main cause of the civil war essay, Hoopes (2003), managers communicate to their subordinates the goals and objectives based on what is required by dangerous of internet essay the organization; consequently, enabling their subordinates to Culture of Silence, have autonomy and be responsible for of internet essay, what they do at work. Drucker created this philosophy of management with the purpose of giving employees the opportunity to achieve freedom and individual responsibility in an organization. Essays On Hard Leads To Success. In past articles Drucker had defined freedom as “a responsible choice…between…act one way or another” (as cited by essay Maciariello, 2005). On Rowan Williams Essays. In addition, Drucker defined the concept of of internet, responsibility by Culture and Blue stating that responsibility has an external component that involves _accountability to a person with authority_ and an internal component that involves _commitment_. Both making responsible choices and be accountable and committed to the person who has authority are the keys for an effective MBO. According to Maciariello (2006) Drucker believed that “leadership is taking responsibility for results” (p. 29) and that the leader is expected to show integrity and be a role model for others to follow. Regarding the leaders’ responsibility, Drucker stated that the CEO is the only one who can align the internal environment with the of internet essay external environmental to make certain that the organization understands the demands of the external environment [_market, customers, and competitors_]. Drucker’s stated that the most important rule in business is to serve the consumer (Lafley, 2006). In addition, Drucker believed “in the power of strategic ideas and making clear choices…. [and that] the only way you can manage change is to create it” (as cited by Lafley, 2006, p. 7).
Finally, as the founder of modern management, Drucker viewed organizations as a “means through which people find access to social status, community, achievement, and satisfaction [and the leaders as having] the responsibility to ensure that jobs are fulfilling and dissertation apa, that individuals contribute fully” (as cited by Lafley, 2006, p. Dangerous Essay. 7). Positive Aspects of Strategies Applied. If McKinsey and company were to apply the management theory of Drucker they would identify several positive outcomes related to the management by objectives aspects. The company had experienced expansion into a global market and many changes in management and structure. The company was staffed by professionals with few levels of authority and, according to the case study, run more by consent than decree. The consultants worked within a matrix arrangement with a professional core and contractual element in its operations.
The application of MBO would increase the performance of the organization by positively identifying the objectives of each employee and their relationship to Wall, the objectives of the organization. Dangerous Of Internet Essay. Francis and Bolander (1976) claim that relationships between corporate and employee objectives are vital to a positive outcome for any business. Under management by objectives employees would receive input that would help identify their objectives and dissertation, time lines for implementation and closeout. Greenwood reiterates Drucker’s theory that “objectives are not given, are not obvious, are not something that everyone knows” (p. 229). Another provision of the Drucker theory is the continuous tracking of the process and continuous feedback. This feedback is of internet essay, valuable in increasing the productivity of the honors uga employee and their completion of tasks.
With all McKinsey managers participating in essay, the development of the strategic plan and cascading the goals and objectives throughout the firm the positive impact of management by objectives would be evident. Francis and Bolander (1976) describe the positive outcomes of management by objectives as improved communication, increased motivation, reduced conflict between roles, and attention focused on honors uga results, not activities. With the adoption of Druckers management by objectives McKinsey and company would experience the positive outcomes described by Francis and Bolander. Outcomes of Implementation. Using Drucker’s theory of management, the evolution of the management styles practiced in dangerous, the McKinsey and essay, Co. were based on decentralizing the centers. Once managers established and announced the goals of the organization, they left it up to the leaders operating in dangerous, each of essay book, their offices to practice their own leadership styles to achieve the goals. They called this strategy “practice leadership” (Mintzberg, Lampel, Quinn, and Ghoshal, 2003, p.322). The management styles implemented were based on the underlying principle of Drucker’s theory of using power top-down. The results of the implementation were significantly positive and led to the emergence of management concepts that we see commonly used today, making McKinsey the industry leader of setting numerous industry trends as explained: (a) Knowledge Management – “Knowledge is the lifeblood of dangerous essay, Mckinsey”. (Mintzberg, et al. 2003, p.319). Managers at McKinsey developed a process of knowledge management wherein the task of knowledge management had to be each individual’s responsibility and on hard, not just that of the dangerous of internet essay team manager or leader. (b) Knowledge Sharing – By the use of publishing their key findings, employees were able to learn and on rowan williams, communicate from dangerous, each other and understand how processes worked best and most efficiently. (c) Online repository of main cause english war essay, knowledge – The success of their knowledge sharing documents and papers led management to develop an online repository of of internet essay, information wherein centers across the globe could access common data and information that was entered by employees from these centers.
This module made a significant impact on the communication among individual centers and the organization as a whole. (d) Identifying Best Practices – With improved communications, managers were able to access information and identify best practices that helped improve the efficiency of essay report, their applications and systems. Identifying best practices also led to the creation of establishing benchmarks that further assisted enhance and dangerous essay, improve defects in dissertation, processes. (e) Inter-office bulletins – The introduction of interoffice bulletins and papers led to the development of newsletters and e-letters that modern organizations use today to communicate with their employees globally. (f) Building Customer Loyalty – Using client relationships and training specialists to build relationships with their clients, McKinsey was one of the pioneering organizations to introduce the concept of customer loyalty. Managers trained their employees to focus only on dangerous the clients they worked with and provide then with world class quality service. Work Leads. The idea was to gain the of internet essay customer’s business for life. This concept brought in recurring revenues for McKinsey and also helped create a loyal customer base that enhanced McKinsey’s image by in the industry by word of mouth. (g) Focus on Informational Literacy – The rapid increase in the rate of information literacy made it imperative for employees to essays on hard work, be trained and kept abreast of new technologies and offerings that helped them sell better, communicate effectively, learn faster about new products and services, and enhance their own skills. (h) Employee growth and enhancement – Managers at McKinsey saw the value in retaining their workforce by providing the dangerous of internet training and helping them hone their skills to perform efficiently. They paid attention to their employee’s growth patterns and critical, career paths and dangerous, assisted them in developing their profiles so they could move them laterally or higher up in the organization without having to essays, search for someone from the outside. Essay. This also helped build the employee knowledge base that could be transferred or shared with one another when needed. One of the negative aspects of the evolution was that the organization grew too fast.
Secondly, the organization became a victim of technology where most of the teams were virtual teams leading to lack of honors thesis uga, direct interaction. Finally, the decentralization of of internet, each business unit, across the globe, led to each unit creating their own processes using the same applications, which resulted in more time being spent in determining best practices of successful processes. “A change leader sees change as an essay book report opportunity. A change leader looks for of internet, change, knows how to find the right changes, and knows how to make them effective both outside the organization and inside it” (Drucker, 2000 as cited in McKenna, 2006). These words spoken by Drucker were as if they were meant for Mr. Report. Gupta as he reviewed the progress of McKinsey Co. Growth had been meeting expectations and they were being rewarded handsomely by the market but Mr. Of Internet. Gupta had begun to question whether McKinsey Co. was, in Drucker’s terms, not just getting things done but getting the on rowan williams essays right things done.. He questioned, “If this represented the tip of McKinsey’s knowledge and expertise iceberg, how well was the firm doing in developing, capturing, and leveraging this asset in service of its clients worldwide?” (Mintzberg, et al., 2003, p. 319).
After all this was the second component of the McKinsey Mission Statement. No where had this rang truer than in the halls of of internet, McKinsey Co. They had experienced tremendous growth and change over the decades and like many others saw their share of recessions but they had continued to grow into their present International stardom in spite of it all. Drucker, would concur with Mr. Gupta’s questioning their success irrespective of their huge windfalls. He would caution others in that success is not inevitable or forever and can quickly evaporate if one’s focus is not on the right things. Drucker, wrote of the knowledge worker, a description that applied to most, in uga, the 21st century and he spoke of the importance of efficiency but more importantly about getting the right things done. This was the obvious question that was plaguing Mr. Gupta.
He cited three intersecting concerns of the knowledge-driven age that were making the task more difficult and complex. He wondered if his initiatives would be enough. The first concern rests in the amount and rate of change. Second, the dangerous of internet increasing expectations and expertise, and finally, the firm’s success itself contributed to the difficulty, in linking and work to success, integrating the dangerous essay consultants and the worldwide offices. Drucker, in writing on what executives must do would applaud Mr. Citing Apa. Gupta for his foresight. “Drucker wrote of ‘five habits of the mind’ that executives must acquire”: (a) knowing where their time goes. (b) Focusing on outward contribution. (c) Building on strength- their own and others. (d) Concentrating on the few major areas where performance will provide outstanding results. (e) Making effective fundamental decisions (McKenna, 2006, p. 4). The outcomes as highlighted above, those stated by Mr. Gupta, along with the Practice Olympics were a beginning and answer to the question of whether McKinsey Co. were on the right track.
They were not only aligned with the five habits as outlined by Mr. Drucker above but were also realigning with the Mission Statement of McKinsey Co. which stated, “McKinsey Mission: To help our clients make positive, lasting, and substantial improvements in dangerous, their performance and to build a great Firm that is able to attract, develop, excite, and retain exceptional people” (Mintzberg, et al., 2003, p. 321). The only additional recommendation not covered in Mr. Gupta’s initiatives but an underlying principle was that growth had made it impossible to link the knowledge and expertise of the organization. This barrier could be easily addressed within the two-tiered career path he proposed. Allowing for ‘intrapreneurship” to flourish and “to let 1,000 flowers to bloom (Gluck, 1991, as cited in Mintzberg, et al., 2003, p. 324) would be a way to not only what cause of the civil war essay ensure the future success of McKinsey Co. but would also be a direct link back to the philosophy of Mr.
Gluck, a former and highly successful Managing Director of McKinsey Co. This analysis of McKinsey illustrates how MBO can serve as a change agent to help the organization continue to grow in spite of recessions over the years. The implementation of MBO has its negative and positive aspects, yet in a broad since of theories, the positive outweighs the negative. McKinsey is able to live its mission to help clients make positive and lasting improvements while retaining exceptional people. In conclusion, although the dangerous of internet essay organization grew extremely fast and essays on hard to success, became victims of technology, the implementation of Peter Drucker’s, MBO could increase the of internet firm’s efficiency for two main reasons. Essay Book Report. First, it reduces conflict between roles and focuses on results. Essay. However, most notably, MBO improves communication, increases motivation and the McKinsey team transforms into snowball makers (practice development) and snowball throwers (client development) worldwide. Francis, J. G., Bolander, S. F. (1976). MBO and the small organization. Report. _American Journal of_ _Small Business,_ _I_(1),1-6. Retrieved March 8, 2007, from EBSCOhost database.
Greenwood, R. G. (1981). Management by objectives: As developed by Peter Drucker, assisted by Harold Smiddy. _Academy of of internet, Management Review, 6_(2), 225-230. Retrieved March 8, 2007, from EBSCO host database. Lafley, A. G. (2007). Police Culture Wall Of Silence. What Drucker taught me. _Leadership Excellence_, 24(1), p. 7. Essay. Retrieved March 6, 2007, from ProQuest database. Maciariello, J. (2005). Peter F. Drucker on a functioning society. _Leader to Leader_, 2005(37), 26-34. On Hard Work To Success. Retrieved March 7, 2007, from Academic Search Premier database. McKenna, Joseph F. (2006). Of Internet. _Drucker in December_. T P; Tooling and Production, 72(12), p. 4. Retrieved March 16, 2007 from honors thesis, EBSCOhost Research Database.
Mintzberg, H., Lampel, J., Quinn, J.B., Ghoshal, S. (2003). _The strategy process-concepts,_ _contexts, cases._ Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 5 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on McKinsey Case Study Analysis.
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A brief list of the most admitted concepts is of internet essay as follows: For Vivian Thomas, for instance, the works demonstrate Shakespeare’s espousal of such Roman values as constancy and valor; For Alexander Leggatt, they show Shakespeare’s concern with human behavior within political circles. This literary concept ranks among the most elaborated and popular ideas, therefore an assignment that requires writing a synthesis essay on this theme has to include references to the Leggatt’s research works. For John Alvis, they indicate the Culture and Blue of Silence, tragic costs of living for reputation and self-glory. Therefore, the student who is writing assignments in accordance with John Alvis’s works should concentrate his or her attention on this noble aspect of the of internet essay, main literary protagonist. For J. Honors. L. Of Internet Essay. Simmons, they represent a Christian awareness of the limitations of pagan Rome; When Shakespeare brought Julius Caesar to the stage, he was contributing with historians and thesis engaging in dangerous essay a dynamic dispute with all those observers who were endowed with a copious or fragmentary knowledge of the tragic events of March 44 BC and honors thesis the acts of Julius Caesar. Various coursework examples and a solid number of critical essays indicate that the play itself incorporates many retellings of events, representations in the form of letters and epistles, symbolic representations like Caesar’s images, the trophies and the crown, and a multiplicity of stage props in the political theater which lies at the center of the playsuch as Mark Antony’s appropriation of “Caesar’s vesture wounded” - and the transformative power of words themselves, particularly when molded and gilded as they are in of internet Antony’s funeral oration. Honors. The Julius Caesar essay questions : the Shakespeare’s discourse with Plutarch. Shakespeare’s perfectly trained audience were accomplished in replying to a wide range of allusions, aural proposals, and symbolic tableaux; in sifting arguments and observing the Machiavellian mental activity of rationalization. The sources, then, are not merely the stuff, the materials, the dramaturge draws on to compose the play, but dynamic ingredients that the audience is required to bear in of internet essay mind. Here is what was the of the a play about essay uncertainty.
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Shakespeare’s perfectly trained audience were accomplished in replying to a wide range of allusions, aural proposals, and symbolic tableaux; in sifting arguments and observing the Machiavellian mental activity of rationalization. The sources, then, are not merely the stuff, the materials, the dramaturge draws on to compose the of internet essay, play, but dynamic ingredients that the Culture and Blue Wall, audience is required to bear in mind. Here is a play about uncertainty. No correct interpretation of any set of events seems possible - everything depends on who is narrating the story. Thereby, for of internet, one who is writing a descriptive essay on this play the conditions become even more difficult, because history is Police Culture never solely recording or retelling; it involves reshaping, not only by the dramatist, narrator or/and historian, but also by participants in the event. A part of the incredibly transformative, hermeneutic energy of Julius Caesar lies in this realization of transforming facts and doings. Without a doubt, the Shakespeare’s “translation” consists of a discourse with Plutarch, all the dangerous of internet, other historic documents which had come his way, and the debates that Shakespeare had encountered through plays, arguments, disputes, and private debates. The heir to a plurality of views, Shakespeare was extremely class-conscious of the role of his play in engaging with them. For his audiences Julius Caesar provides the variant of events that would dominate their imagination. Dissertation Apa. While there is no way of retrieving even the ghosts of the of internet, manifold contributions to a discussion that had continued from the moment of the manslaughter to the time when Shakespeare began his magnificent play, it is possible to chart in great details the playwright’s response to Plutarch and to clarify the uga, implications of his metamorphoses.
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For example, it is a critical commonplace that Julius Caesar is one of Shakespeare’s “Roman” works, a rubric also applied to Antony and Cleopatra, The Rape of Lucrece, Titus Andronicus and Coriolanus. Essay. The obvious setting notwithstanding, academics diverge widely on citing dissertation apa, what, if anything unites these plays, or even on what Rome is implied to present. A brief list of the most admitted concepts is as follows: For Vivian Thomas, for instance, the works demonstrate Shakespeare’s espousal of such Roman values as constancy and valor; For Alexander Leggatt, they show Shakespeare’s concern with human behavior within political circles. This literary concept ranks among the most elaborated and popular ideas, therefore an assignment that requires writing a synthesis essay on this theme has to include references to the Leggatt’s research works. For John Alvis, they indicate the tragic costs of living for reputation and self-glory. Therefore, the student who is writing assignments in accordance with John Alvis’s works should concentrate his or her attention on this noble aspect of the of internet essay, main literary protagonist. For J. L. Simmons, they represent a Christian awareness of the limitations of pagan Rome; When Shakespeare brought Julius Caesar to the stage, he was contributing with historians and engaging in a dynamic dispute with all those observers who were endowed with a copious or fragmentary knowledge of the essay report, tragic events of March 44 BC and the acts of Julius Caesar. Various coursework examples and a solid number of critical essays indicate that the play itself incorporates many retellings of dangerous events, representations in the form of letters and epistles, symbolic representations like Caesar’s images, the Culture and Blue Wall of Silence, trophies and the crown, and a multiplicity of stage props in dangerous the political theater which lies at the center of the thesis, playsuch as Mark Antony’s appropriation of “Caesar’s vesture wounded” - and the transformative power of words themselves, particularly when molded and gilded as they are in Antony’s funeral oration. The Julius Caesar essay questions : the Shakespeare’s discourse with Plutarch. Shakespeare’s perfectly trained audience were accomplished in replying to a wide range of allusions, aural proposals, and symbolic tableaux; in sifting arguments and observing the Machiavellian mental activity of rationalization.
The sources, then, are not merely the stuff, the materials, the dramaturge draws on to compose the play, but dynamic ingredients that the audience is required to bear in mind. Here is a play about uncertainty. No correct interpretation of any set of events seems possible - everything depends on who is narrating the dangerous of internet essay, story. Thereby, for one who is writing a descriptive essay on dissertation, this play the conditions become even more difficult, because history is dangerous never solely recording or retelling; it involves reshaping, not only by the dramatist, narrator or/and historian, but also by Police Culture Wall, participants in the event. A part of the incredibly transformative, hermeneutic energy of Julius Caesar lies in this realization of of internet transforming facts and doings.
Without a doubt, the Shakespeare’s “translation” consists of a discourse with Plutarch, all the other historic documents which had come his way, and honors thesis uga the debates that Shakespeare had encountered through plays, arguments, disputes, and private debates. The heir to a plurality of dangerous of internet essay views, Shakespeare was extremely class-conscious of the role of his play in engaging with them. For his audiences Julius Caesar provides the variant of events that would dominate their imagination. While there is thesis uga no way of dangerous of internet essay retrieving even the ghosts of the manifold contributions to a discussion that had continued from the moment of the manslaughter to the time when Shakespeare began his magnificent play, it is possible to chart in great details the playwright’s response to Plutarch and to clarify the implications of his metamorphoses. Nevertheless, as many tributaries flowed into Shakespeare’s consciousness, the overriding importance of Plutarch is beyond any reasonable question.
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The sections appear in Police and Blue, a journal style paper in essay, the following prescribed order: Section of report, Paper. What did I do in a nutshell? What is the problem? How did I solve the problem? What did I find out? What does it mean?
Who helped me out? Whose work did I refer to? Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized , centered at the beginning of the dangerous section, and double spaced from the what was the main of the war essay lines above and below. Do not underline the of internet section heading OR put a colon at the end. Example of a main section heading: Subheadings: When your paper reports on more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize the presentation. Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in report, each word), left justified, and of internet, either bold italics OR underlined . Example of a subheading: Effects of Light Intensity on the Rate of Electron Transport. Title, Authors' Names, and Institutional Affiliations.
1. Apa. Function : Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the essay contents of the paper. Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the on rowan essays content of dangerous essay, your paper: the molecule studied, the organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a field site, the honors thesis uga response measured, etc. A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in the title. The title should be centered at essay the top of page 1 (DO NOT use a title page - it is a waste of paper for our purposes); the title is NOT underlined or italicized . the authors' names (PI or primary author first) and institutional affiliation are double-spaced from and centered below the title. When more then two authors, the names are separated by commas except for the last which is separated from the previous name by the word and. Ducks Over-Winter in Colorado Barley Fields in Response to. Increased Daily Mean Temperature. Ima Mallard, Ura Drake, and Woodruff Ducque.
Department of on hard, Wildlife Biology, University of Colorado - Boulder. The title is not a section, but it is necessary and important. Essay. The title should be short and unambiguous, yet be an adequate description of the work. What Was The Main Of The English Civil War Essay. A general rule-of-thumb is that the title should contain the key words describing the work presented. Remember that the title becomes the of internet essay basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is citing insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. Dangerous Of Internet Essay. For example, in a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be: Why? It is very general, and could be referring to any of a number of mouse behaviors. A better title would be : The Effects of Estrogen on the Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. Why?
Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism. If possible, give the key result of the study in Culture and Blue, the title, as seen in the first example. Similarly, the dangerous of internet above title could be restated as: Estrogen Stimulates Intensity of Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. 1. Function : An abstract summarizes, in Police, one paragraph (usually), the major aspects of the entire paper in essay, the following prescribed sequence: the question(s) you investigated (or purpose), ( from Introduction ) state the purpose very clearly in and Blue Wall of Silence, the first or second sentence. the dangerous essay experimental design and on hard work leads, methods used, ( from essay, Methods ) clearly express the basic design of the study. Name or briefly describe the basic methodology used without going into excessive detail-be sure to indicate the dissertation key techniques used. the major findings including key quantitative results , or trends ( from Results ) report those results which answer the dangerous of internet questions you were asking identify trends, relative change or differences, etc. a brief summary of your interpetations and conclusions . (from Discussion ) clearly state the implications of the answers your results gave you. Whereas the Title can only Police Culture and Blue of Silence, make the dangerous of internet essay simplest statement about the content of your article, the Abstract allows you to elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper. The length of your Abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for journals.) Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e. purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible. The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper, or it may be the essay book only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in of internet essay, published abstracts.
Therefore, enough key information (e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.) must be included to make the Abstract useful to main of the someone who may to reference your work. How do you know when you have enough information in your Abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? 2. Style : The Abstract is ONLY text. Use the active voice when possible, but much of it may require passive constructions. Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to dangerous of internet the point quickly. Use past tense . Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in on hard work, a single paragraph. The Abstract SHOULD NOT contain: lengthy background information, references to of internet essay other literature, elliptical (i.e., ending with . ) or incomplete sentences, abbreviations or terms that may be confusing to readers, any sort of illustration, figure, or table, or references to apa them. 3. Strategy : Although it is the first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper.
To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from each section and put them in a sequence which summarizes the paper. Then set about revising or adding words to essay make it all cohesive and clear. As you become more proficient you will most likely compose the Abstract from scratch. 4. Check your work : Once you have the completed abstract, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what is written in the paper. Confirm that all the information appearing the abstract actually appears in the body of the paper. 1. Function : The function of the Introduction is to: Establish the context of the work being reported.
This is essay report accomplished by dangerous, discussing the relevant primary research literature (with citations) and summarizing our current understanding of the work leads to success problem you are investigating; State the purpose of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated; and, Briefly explain your rationale and approach and, whenever possible, the possible outcomes your study can reveal. Quite literally, the Introduction must answer the questions, What was I studying ? Why was it an important question? What did we know about it before I did this study? How will this study advance our knowledge? 2. Style : Use the active voice as much as possible. Of Internet. Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo it. 3. Work To Success. Structure : The structure of the of internet Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle - the broadest part at essays the top representing the most general information and focusing down to the specific problem you studied. Organize the of internet essay information to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the Introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your statement of what was the of the english civil, purpose and rationale. A good way to get on dangerous of internet essay track is to was the main cause english war essay sketch out the Introduction backwards ; start with the specific purpose and dangerous of internet essay, then decide what is the scientific context in essays on hard leads, which you are asking the question(s) your study addresses. Once the scientific context is decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the Introduction should begin.
Here is the information should flow in your Introduction: Begin your Introduction by clearly identifying the subject area of interest. Do this by of internet essay, using key words from your Title in the first few sentences of the Introduction to get it focused directly on topic at the appropriate level. This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general. For example, in the mouse behavior paper, the words hormones and behavior would likely appear within the first one or two sentences of the Introduction. Establish the context by providing a brief and balanced review of the pertinent published literature that is uga available on the subject. The key is to summarize (for the reader) what we knew about the specific problem before you did your experiments or studies. This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in greater detail later in the Discussion. The judgment of what is general or specific is difficult at essay first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of your audience.
In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the Introduction at the level of honors thesis uga, mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of behavior. Lead the dangerous of internet reader to what was the main cause of the english civil war essay your statement of purpose/hypothesis by focusing your literature review from the more general context (the big picture e.g., hormonal modulation of behaviors) to the more specific topic of dangerous essay, interest to you (e.g., role/effects of reproductive hormones, especially estrogen, in modulating specific sexual behaviors of mice.) What literature should you look for in your review of what we know about the problem? Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the what was the cause of the english war essay journals that publish original research articles. Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is dangerous essay considered fundamental or common knowledge wqithin the discipline. Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to citing dissertation your study. Learn, as soon as possible, how to of internet essay find the primary literature (research journals) and review articles rather than depending on reference books. The articles listed in the Literature Cited of relevant papers you find are a good starting point to move backwards in essays on hard leads, a line of inquiry. Most academic libraries support the of internet Citation Index - an essay book report, index which is useful for tracking a line of inquiry forward in time. Some of the newer search engines will actually send you alerts of new papers that cite particular articles of interest to you. Review articles are particularly useful because they summarize all the research done on a narrow subject area over a brief period of time (a year to a few years in most cases).
Be sure to clearly state the purpose and /or hypothesis that you investigated. When you are first learning to write in dangerous of internet essay, this format it is okay, and actually preferable, to use a pat statement like, The purpose of this study was to. or We investigated three possible mechanisms to explain the . (1) blah, blah..(2) etc. It is most usual to place the statement of purpose near the end of the Introduction, often as the what was the of the civil topic sentence of the final paragraph. Of Internet. It is Police Culture and Blue Wall of Silence not necessary (or even desirable) to use the words hypothesis or null hypothesis, since these are usually implicit if you clearly state your purpose and expectations. Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to the problem studied.
For example: State briefly how you approached the problem (e.g., you studied oxidative respiration pathways in isolated mitochondria of cauliflower). This will usually follow your statement of purpose in the last paragraph of the essay Introduction. Dissertation. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? What are the scientific merits of essay, this particular model system? What advantages does it confer in dissertation, answering the particular question(s) you are posing? Do not discuss here the actual techniques or protocols used in your study (this will be done in dangerous essay, the Materials and Methods); your readers will be quite familiar with the usual techniques and approaches used in your field. Honors Thesis Uga. If you are using a novel (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the merits of the new technique/method versus the previously used methods should be presented in the Introduction. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials . 1. Function : In this section you explain clearly how you carried out your study in the following general structure and organization (details follow below): the the essay organism(s) studied (plant, animal, human, etc.) and, when relevant, their pre-experiment handling and on hard work, care, and when and where the dangerous essay study was carried out ( only report, if location and time are important factors); note that the term subject is used ONLY for human studies. if you did a field study , provide a description of the study site , including the significant physical and biological features, and the precise location (latitude and essay, longitude, map, etc); the experimental OR sampling design (i.e., how the experiment or study was structured. For example, controls, treatments, what variable(s) were measured, how many samples were collected, replication, the final form of the data, etc.); the protocol for citing dissertation collecting data , i.e., how the experimental procedures were carried out, and, how the data were analyzed (qualitative analyses and/or statistical procedures used to determine significance, data transformations used, what probability was used to decide significance, etc). Organize your presentation so your reader will understand the logical flow of the essay experiment(s); subheadings work well for this purpose. Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time.
The experimental design and on rowan critical essays, procedure are sometimes most efficiently presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to split them up. In general, provide enough quantitative detail (how much, how long, when, etc.) about your experimental protocol such that other scientists could reproduce your experiments. You should also indicate the statistical procedures used to analyze your results, including the dangerous probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0.05 probability). 2. Style : The style in this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment. You may use the active voice to a certain extent, although this section requires more use of of the civil war essay, third person, passive constructions than others. Avoid use of the first person in of internet essay, this section.
Remember to use the williams critical essays past tense throughout - the work being reported is done, and was performed in the past, not the future. The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in your lab manual. Describe the organism(s) used in dangerous of internet, the study. This includes giving the (1) source (supplier or where and thesis uga, how the orgranisms were collected), (2) typical size (weight, length, etc) , (3) how they were handled, fed, and housed before the of internet essay experiment, (4) how they were handled, fed, and cause of the war essay, housed during the dangerous experiment. Essay Book Report. In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor. Dangerous. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants?
FOR FIELD STUDIES ONLY : Describe the site where your field study was conducted. The description must include both physical and on hard, biological characteristics of the of internet essay site pertinant to the study aims. Was The Cause Of The English Civil. Include the dangerous of internet date(s) of the study (e.g., 10-15 April 1994) and the exact location of the study area. Police. Location data must be as precise as possible: Grover Nature Preserve, ½ mi SW Grover, Maine rather than Grover Nature Preserve or Grover. When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: these can be obtained using handheld GPS units, OR, from web resources such as Google Earth( TM ) and MapQuest( TM ). It is often a good idea to include a map (labeled as a Figure) showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area. Someone else should be able to essay go to Police and Blue Wall of Silence the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. NOTE: For laboratory studies you need not report the date and dangerous essay, location of the study UNLESS it is necessary information for someone to have who might wish to repeat your work or use the same facility. Most often it is not . If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility. Describe your experimental design clearly. Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls , treatments , variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured , what form the data take, etc. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number (e.g., use 2.5% NaCl rather than test 1.) When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment.
A general experimental design worksheet is available to help plan your experiments in the core courses. Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. Foremost in your description should be the quantitative aspects of was the cause english war essay, your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc., that another scientist needs in order to of internet duplicate your experiment. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures (e.g., serial dilution) or equipment used (e.g., autopipetter) since other scientists will likely be familiar with them already. You may want to identify certain types of main of the english war essay, equipment by vendor name and brand or category (e.g., ultracentrifuge vs. prep centrifuge), particularly if they are not commonly found in most labs. It is dangerous appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source (vendor) and catalog number for reagents used, e.g., . poly-L-lysine (Sigma #1309) . When using a method described in on rowan, another published source, you can save time and dangerous of internet essay, words by citing apa, providing the dangerous of internet relevant citation to the source. Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of on rowan williams critical essays, a standard or published method. NOTE : Very frequently the dangerous essay experimental design and data collection procedures for an experiment cannot be separated and and Blue Wall of Silence, must be integrated together. If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure(s), likely you can combine them and be more concise. NOTE : Although tempting, DO NOT say that you recorded the data , i.e., in your lab notebook, in essay, the Methods description. Of course you did , because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations.
Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed. Here you will indicate what types of report, descriptive statistics were used and which analyses (usually hypothesis tests) were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance. The information should include: Statistical software used : Sometimes it is necessary to report which statistical software you used; this would be at the discretion of your instructor or the journal; how the data were summarized (Means, percent, etc) and how you are reporting measures of variability (SD,SEM, 95% CI, etc) this lets you avoid having to dangerous repeatedly indicate you are using mean ± SD or SEM. which data transformations were used(e.g., to correct for normal distribution or equalize variances); statistical tests used with reference to essay book the particular questions, or kinds of questions, they address. For example, A Paired t-test was used to of internet essay compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. One way ANOVA was used to essay compare mean weight gain in weight-matched calves fed the three different rations.
Comparisons among the three pH treatment groups for dangerous essay each variable were done using one way ANOVA (with Tukey's post hoc test) or a Kruskal-Wallis Test (with Dunn's post hoc test). any other numerical (e.g., normalizing data) or graphical techniques used to analyze the data what probability ( a priori ) was used to decide significance ; usually reported as the Greek symbol alpha. NOTE: You DO NOT need to citing dissertation apa say that you made graphs and tables. Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. Problem : The Methods section is prone to being wordy or overly detailed. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action ; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: Problematic Example : This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure. It is characterized by single actions per of internet, sentence and lots of unnecessary details. The petri dish was placed on the turntable.
The lid was then raised slightly. An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. The loop was moved lightly back and thesis uga, forth over the agar to spread the culture. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Improved Example : Same actions, but all the dangerous of internet essay important information is given in a single, concise sentence. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. Each plate was placed on a turntable and streaked at dissertation apa opposing angles with fresh overnight E. coli culture using an inoculating loop.
The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Best: Here the author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of dangerous of internet essay, microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information. The two sentences have been combined because they are related actions. Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight E. coli culture and incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Problem : Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood.
Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and honors thesis, Site 2 are completely meaningless out of of internet, context and difficult to book report follow in context. Problematic example : In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of Tubes 1,2, and dangerous of internet, 3 immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. thereafter until the was the cause english civil war essay DCIP was completely reduced. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at dangerous of internet Time 0 and at the end of the honors thesis uga experiment. Improved example: Notice how the substitution ( in red ) of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both in dangerous, the context of the citing dissertation paper, and if taken out of context. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of the reaction mixtures exposed to of internet essay light intensities of 1500, 750, and 350 uE/m2/sec immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. Police. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. The A 600 of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. 1. Function : The function of the Results section is to of internet objectively present your key results, without interpretation, in an orderly and on rowan critical, logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures). The results section always begins with text, reporting the essay key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed. Summaries of the statistical analyses may appear either in Culture and Blue, the text (usually parenthetically) or in the relevant Tables or Figures (in the legend or as footnotes to the Table or Figure).
The Results section should be organized around Tables and/or Figures that should be sequenced to present your key findings in a logical order. The text of the Results section should be crafted to of internet essay follow this sequence and essay book, highlight the evidence needed to answer the questions/hypotheses you investigated. Important negative results should be reported, too. Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon the sequence of dangerous essay, Tables and Figures. 2. Style : Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively. Essays Work. The passive voice will likely dominate here, but use the active voice as much as possible. Use the past tense . Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Do not interpret the data here. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. Consider the following two examples:
This example highlights the trend/difference that the essay author wants the reader to focus: The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages (Fig. 2). Seeds exposed to the 2-day treatment had the highest cumulative germination (84%), 1.25 times that of the 12-h or 5-day groups and 4 times that of controls. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by referring to optimality (a conceptual model) and tieing the observed result to that idea: The results of the germination experiment (Fig. 2) suggest that the optimal time for running-water treatment is 2 days. This group showed the highest cumulative germination (84%), with longer (5 d) or shorter (12 h) exposures producing smaller gains in germination when compared to citing apa the control group.
Things to of internet essay consider as you write your Results section: What are the results? : When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena. Those observations are then analyzed to essays yield an answer to the question. In general, the answer is the key result. The above statements apply regardless of the complexity of the analysis you employ.
So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and simple calculations of dangerous of internet, means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of statistical tests. You instructor will tell you the level of analysis that is expected. For example, suppose you asked the question, Is the average height of on rowan williams, male students the of internet same as female students in a pool of randomly selected Biology majors ? You would first collect height data from large random samples of male and female students. You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for those samples (mean, SD, n, range, etc) and plot these numbers. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on average, 12.5 cm taller than female majors; this is the work answer to essay the question. Notice that the outcome of essays, a statistical analysis is not a key result, but rather an analytical tool that helps us understand what is essay our key result. Differences, directionality, and dissertation, magnitude : Report your results so as to provide as much information as possible to the reader about the nature of differences or relationships. For eaxmple, if you testing for differences among groups, and you find a significant difference, it is of internet essay not sufficient to simply report that groups A and B were significantly different. How are they different? How much are they different?
It is much more informative to say something like, Group A individuals were 23% larger than those in Group B, or, Group B pups gained weight at twice the work leads to success rate of Group A pups. Dangerous. Report the direction of on rowan williams, differences (greater, larger, smaller, etc) and the magnitude of differences (% difference, how many times, etc.) whenever possible. See also below about dangerous of internet, use of the word significant. Organize the results section based on citing dissertation apa the sequence of Table and Figures you'll include. Prepare the Tables and Figures as soon as all the data are analyzed and dangerous of internet essay, arrange them in essay book, the sequence that best presents your findings in a logical way. A good strategy is to note, on a draft of each Table or Figure, the one or two key results you want to of internet addess in the text portion of the Results.
Simple rules to follow related to Tables and Figures: Tables and Figures are assigned numbers separately and in on rowan williams, the sequence that you will refer to them from the text. Dangerous Of Internet. The first Table you refer to is Table 1, the Police and Blue of Silence next Table 2 and of internet, so forth. Similarly, the first Figure is Figure 1, the next Figure 2, etc. Each Table or Figure must include a brief description of the work to success results being presented and other necessary information in a legend. Table legends go above the Table ; tables are read from dangerous essay, top to bottom. Figure legends go below the figure ; figures are usually viewed from bottom to top. Fig. 1 . Table is never abbreviated, e.g., Table 1 . The body of the Results section is Wall a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the Tables and Figures.
The text should guide the reader through your results stressing the key results which provide the answers to the question(s) investigated. A major function of the text is to provide clarifying information. You must refer to each Table and/or Figure individually and in of internet essay, sequence (see numbering sequence), and clearly indicate for on rowan critical the reader the key results that each conveys. Key results depend on your questions, they might include obvious trends, important differences, similarities, correlations, maximums, minimums, etc. Some problems to avoid : Do not reiterate each value from a Figure or Table - only the key result or trends that each conveys. Do not present the same data in both a Table and Figure - this is considered redundant and a waste of space and essay, energy. Decide which format best shows the result and go with it.
Do not report raw data values when they can be summarized as means, percents, etc. Statistical test summaries (test name, p- value) are usually reported parenthetically in conjunction with the biological results they support. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding (if statistical tests are being used in your course). Essays Leads To Success. This parenthetical reference should include the statistical test used and the level of dangerous essay, significance (test statistic and DF are optional). For example, if you found that the mean height of male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and your statistical conclusion (shown in red) as follows: Males (180.5 ± 5.1 cm; n=34) averaged 12.5 cm taller than females (168 ± 7.6 cm; n=34) in the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001) . If the summary statistics are shown in a figure, the sentence above need not report them specifically, but must include a reference to the figure where they may be seen: Males averaged 12.5 cm taller than females in the AY 1995 pool of honors thesis, Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001; Fig. 1) . Note that the report of the key result (shown in of internet essay, blue) would be identical in on rowan williams, a paper written for a course in which statistical testing is not employed - the section shown in red would simply not appear except reference to the figure. Avoid devoting whole sentences to report a statistical outcome alone. Use and over-use of the word significant : Your results will read much more cleanly if you avoid overuse of the word siginifcant in any of its forms.
In scientific studies, the use of this word implies that a statistical test was employed to make a decision about the dangerous of internet essay data; in this case the test indicated a larger difference in mean heights than you would expect to get by was the main english civil war essay, chance alone. Limit the use of the word significant to this purpose only. Dangerous Of Internet. If your parenthetical statistical information includes a p-value that indicates significance (usually when p 0.05), it is unncecssary (and redundant ) to on rowan use the word significant in the body of the of internet essay sentence (see example above) because we all interpret the p-value the on rowan williams critical same way. Likewise, when you report that one group mean is essay somehow different from another (larger, smaller, increased, decreased, etc), it will be understood by your reader that you have tested this and citing apa, found the difference to be statisticallysignificant, especially if you also report a p-value 0.05. Present the results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the question, stated in the Introduction. Dangerous Of Internet. For example, in reporting a study of the on rowan critical effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first giving the dangerous of internet data on skeletal mass for the rats fed the control diet and critical essays, then give the data for the rats fed the experimental diet. Report negative results - they are important!
If you did not get the anticipated results, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and dangerous, needs to be reformulated, or perhaps you have stumbled onto something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the critical essays absence of an of internet, effect may be very telling in many situations. In any case, your results may be of importance to honors others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Do not fall into dangerous of internet essay, the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected are necessarily bad data. If you carried out the essay book work well, they are simply your results and need interpretation. Many important discoveries can be traced to bad data. Always enter the appropriate units when reporting data or summary statistics.
for an individual value you would write, the mean length was 10 m , or, the maximum time was 140 min. When including a measure of variability, place the unit after the error value, e.g., . was 10 ± 2.3 m . Likewise place the unit after the last in a series of numbers all having the essay same unit. For example: lengths of 5, 10, 15, and Culture of Silence, 20 m , or no differences were observed after 2, 4, 6, or 8 min. of incubation . 1. Function : The function of the essay Discussion is to interpret your results in light of what was already known about the subject of the investigation, and to explain our new understanding of the problem after taking your results into honors thesis uga, consideration. Dangerous Essay. The Discussion will always connect to the Introduction by way of the question(s) or hypotheses you posed and the literature you cited, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the Introduction. On Rowan. Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the place you left us at the end of the dangerous of internet Introduction. Fundamental questions to answer here include: Do your results provide answers to dissertation your testable hypotheses? If so, how do you interpret your findings?
Do your findings agree with what others have shown? If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in your experiment (or theirs?) Given your conclusions, what is of internet essay our new understanding of the problem you investigated and outlined in the Introduction? If warranted, what would be the essays next step in your study, e.g., what experiments would you do next? 2. Style : Use the active voice whenever possible in this section. Watch out for wordy phrases; be concise and make your points clearly. Use of the first person is essay okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the report main points. 3. Approach : Organize the Discussion to address each of the experiments or studies for which you presented results; discuss each in the same sequence as presented in the Results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in the larger context of the problem. Do not waste entire sentences restating your results; if you need to remind the essay reader of the result to be discussed, use bridge sentences that relate the result to the interpretation: The slow response of the lead-exposed neurons relative to controls suggests that. Police Culture. [ interpretation ]. You will necessarily make reference to the findings of of internet essay, others in order to support your interpretations.Use subheadings, if need be, to honors thesis help organize your presentation.
Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a result for an interpretation, and make sure that no new results are presented here that rightly belong in the results. You must relate your work to the findings of dangerous essay, other studies - including previous studies you may have done and on hard to success, those of other investigators. As stated previously, you may find crucial information in dangerous of internet essay, someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to reinterpret others' findings in light of yours. Citing Apa. In either case you should discuss reasons for similarities and dangerous of internet, differences between yours and others' findings. Essays On Hard Leads. Consider how the results of dangerous, other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem. What Of The Civil. Be sure to state the conclusions that can be drawn from your results in light of these considerations. You may also choose to dangerous of internet essay briefly mention further studies you would do to clarify your working hypotheses. Make sure to reference any outside sources as shown in dissertation apa, the Introduction section. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (include as needed) | FAQs | If, in your experiment, you received any significant help in thinking up, designing, or carrying out the work, or received materials from someone who did you a favor by supplying them, you must acknowledge their assistance and the service or material provided. Authors always acknowledge outside reviewers of their drafts (in PI courses, this would be done only if an instructor or other individual critiqued the dangerous of internet draft prior to evaluation) and any sources of funding that supported the research.
Although usual style requirements (e.g., 1st person, objectivity) are relaxed somewhat here, Acknowledgments are always brief and never flowery. Place the Acknowledgments between the Discussion and the Literature Cited. 1. Citing Dissertation Apa. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. Instructions for dangerous of internet writing full citations for what main of the civil war essay various sources are given in on separate page. A complete format list for virtually all types of publication may be found in Huth and dangerous of internet essay, others(1994) . NOTE : Do not label this section Bibliography . Honors Thesis Uga. A bibliography contains references that you may have read but have not specifically cited in the text. Bibliography sections are found in books and other literary writing, but not scientific journal-style papers. Function : An Appendix contains information that is non-essential to dangerous of internet understanding of the paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. An appendix is an thesis, optional part of the of internet paper, and is only honors, rarely found in published papers.
Headings : Each Appendix should be identified by a Roman numeral in sequence, e.g., Appendix I, Appendix II, etc. Dangerous. Each appendix should contain different material. Some examples of material that might be put in an appendix (not an exhaustive list) : raw data maps (foldout type especially) extra photographs explanation of formulas, either already known ones, or especially if you have invented some statistical or other mathematical procedures for data analysis. specialized computer programs for a particular procedure full generic names of book, chemicals or compounds that you have referred to in somewhat abbreviated fashion or by some common name in the text of your paper. diagrams of specialized apparati. Figures and Tables in Appendices. Figures and Tables are often found in an appendix. Essay. These should be formatted as discussed previously (see Tables and Figures), but are numbered in a separate sequence from citing apa, those found in the body of the paper. So, the first Figure in the appendix would be Figure 1, the first Table would be Table 1, and so forth. In situations when multiple appendices are used, the Table and Figure numbering must indicate the dangerous of internet appendix number as well (see Huth and others, 1994).
Department of what was the main cause civil, Biology, Bates College, Lewiston, ME 04240.